pragmatic paradigm in qualitative research

As noted by Lincoln (2005), ‘the impact of efforts to improve organizations is always a task left unfinished, because it cannot account for many things unseen’ (p. 222). Pragmatist epistemology with its emphasis on the interconnectedness of experience, knowing and acting (a key principle), enabled the sequencing of different data collection methods. As discussed below, these principles have particular relevance to research on NGOs but also have a wider application in other organizations. A pragmatist view was vital in ensuring the validity of our conclusions and in delivering on practical research outputs for the case study organizations who took part in our research projects. The pragmatism paradigm follows both positivism and interpretivism to seek the answers to the problems. In both project examples, an important part of the analytical process involved the documentation of field-notes or emergent findings, which included new evidence collected through repeat interviews or updated documentation, as the case study NGOs enacted the practices that were under investigation. This included executives, board members, programme implementing staff and volunteers. Elements of the data collection stage where we found it valuable to use pragmatist ideas to guide research choices included the scope and sequence of data collection methods, the researchers’ stance and ethical considerations for data collection. Through our inquiry, we have narrowed down our selection to three principles of critical relevance to research on organizational processes. Qualitative research is descriptive in that the researcher is interested in process, meaning, ... Naturalist Paradigm (Qualitative) The nature of reality: Reality is single, tangible, and fragmentable. Both doctoral projects examine organizational processes related to performance measurement and evaluation in smaller sized NGOs that deliver international and community development programmes. The paradigm wars between these approaches often encouraged the application of rigid methodological frameworks and the temptation of creating ‘one … Required fields are marked *, Please Answer * As indicated above, the choice of pragmatism as an overarching philosophical orientation was strongly influenced by our desire to contribute useful and actionable knowledge anchored in respondent experience and, hence, of practical relevance to the case study organizations. Qualitative research has been widely accepted in all disciplines for academic as well as non-academic reasons. display: none !important; L. 2014b. Advocates of the so-called pragmatic approach to research have over emphasized its practicability in combining diverse This article explicates pragmatism as a relevant and useful paradigm for qualitative research on organizational processes. In pragmatic paradigm the researchers use both qualitative and quantitative methodology in a sequential manner. This principle also enabled us to combine macro- and micro-level perspectives within the case study organizations and encouraged a more inclusive research process as different stakeholders were able to situate themselves and their actions within a larger context. 6,734 Views. Pragmatism holds that the value and meaning of opinions and ‘facts’ captured in research data are assessed through examination of their practical consequences; this gives them a ‘warranted assertibility’ (Dewey, 1938). qualitative methodology, including qualitative research paradigms (Ponterotto, 2005a), data collec­ ... have added a pragmatic paradigm. This paradigm is associated with action, intervention and constructive knowledge. View or download all the content the society has access to. Both type of research cannot be solved using one paradigm. In recent years pragmatism has been worked by several researchers in North America, South America, and in Central Europe. This dissemination strategy involves roundtable workshopping events and practice-based publications (e.g. Qualitative research paradigm was dominated by the constructivist approach to solve the problems. International Business Research; Vol. Professor Jackie Campbell . Clarifying the three principles of pragmatism helped us target data collection and strengthen the depth and quality of analysis. She holds a Bachelor’s, Master’s, and PhD degree in sociology and development studies. Research paradigm and philosophy comprises various factors such as individual’s mental model, his way of seeing thing, different perceptions, pragmatism research philosophy in a dissertation variety of beliefs towards reality, etc. For instance, the way that programme managers in the example projects choose which evaluative tools and methods to use may be shaped by normative beliefs surrounding the nature of evidence. This is done to make BAR researchers aware of some of the recent writings about pragmatism in the mixed methods research literature (e.g. Overview of the research project examples. The article focuses on three core methodological principles that underlie a pragmatic approach to inquiry: (1) an emphasis on actionable knowledge, (2) recognition of the interconnectedness between experience, knowing and acting and (3) inquiry as an experiential process. Some society journals require you to create a personal profile, then activate your society account, You are adding the following journals to your email alerts, Did you struggle to get access to this article? The last 100 years have witnessed a fervent debate in the USA about quantitative and qualitative research paradigms. Which research paradigm does my research belong to? This chapter provides an overview of pragmatism as a paradigm for research in the social sciences. pragmatism as a paradigm for social research Uncategorized December 5, 2020 0 Comment Evolution of Pragmatism. Classical pragmatists were concerned with knowledge and forms of knowing that had practical consequences. Mazuru Grace: an informative document. Besides critical research and sometimes positivism, qualitative research in information systems can be performed following a paradigm of pragmatism. Neopragmatism was criticized by several researchers who favored the classical pragmatic paradigm approach. The epistemological framework guiding the doctoral project examples discussed in this article most closely aligns with classical pragmatism, particularly the approach taken by Dewey and latter-day pragmatists that emphasize pragmatism as a unique, guiding philosophy for research in the social sciences. Grounding these research project examples in pragmatism provides a number of benefits as explicated above. Your email address will not be published. Pragmatism as a paradigm for social research. Ethically, the challenge was to value all different types of knowledge. Pragmatism, particularly questions around the usefulness of data from the perspective of diverse respondents, and the fact that respondents were actively involved in the inquiry process, guided an increased depth of analysis and contributed to the validity of findings. Pragmatic Paradigm • Developed from frustration of the lack of impact of educational research in educational systems. I have read and accept the terms and conditions, View permissions information for this article. Pragmatism as a Paradigm for Mixed Methods Research ... important in health and social care research and this book is a useful overview of the synthesis of quantitative and qualitative elements, both for research design and in arriving at conclusions from the data. Pragmatists study the actions of the individuals in light of their actions. Morgan, D. L. (January 2007). In Project example 1, pragmatism effected sequencing by allowing a level of flexibility unusual in many other frameworks. In view of the findings, and in consideration of the unique limitations associated with the social study of children, pragmatism is suggested as an appropriate social research paradigm. pragmatism as a paradigm for social research Uncategorized December 5, 2020 0 Comment This led to improved generalizability of the social science research. A paradigm is essentially a worldview, a whole framework of beliefs, values and methods within which research takes place. A second principle which serves to strengthen the pragmatist inquiry process is the opportunity to explore the interconnectedness of experience, knowing and acting in the research process within respondent organizations. The pragmatic paradigm originated in the United States in the late 19th century. This has reverberations for the relevance and utility of our research findings, not only for NGOs but also for the wider organizational research discourse. FundingThe author(s) received no financial support for the research, authorship and/or publication of this article. Pragmatism: A lived and living philosophy. This paradigm is totally opposite to positivist paradigm and constructivism. The last 100 years have witnessed a fervent debate in the USA about quantitative and qualitative research paradigms. This video explains the basic relationship between research paradigm, ontology, and epistemology in academic research settings. Following Dewey, pragmatism has contributed to movements such as symbolic interactionism, action research and grounded theory. Adherence to pragmatism’s key principles led us to ensure that we could provide strong rationale for each decision within our research designs, and that the sampling of both the respondent NGOs and the staff within them fitted within accepted research rigour guidelines. If you have the appropriate software installed, you can download article citation data to the citation manager of your choice. According to pragmatism there cannot be one way to solve a problem but a mix of approach can better help solve a problem and find the truth. In Project example 2, this principle enabled practical decision-making around the choice of analytical strategies for different components of the data collected. In addition, pragmatism guided our sampling strategies by helping us identify information rich respondents most likely to provide useful practice-based knowledge, as well as ensuring the sampling process uncovered a range of perspectives. Pragmatists believe that there cannot be a single reality but multiple realities. This chapter provides an overview of pragmatism as a paradigm for research in the social sciences. Pragmatism, which provides a guiding framework anchored in practicality, is particularly appropriate for these studies examining performance measurement and evaluation in applied NGO settings. The knowledge gained can be analyzed to know what part of the knowledge can be applied to another similar circumstance in another settings. In fact, as noted above, the classical pragmatism movement originated to focus inquiry on issues of human significance rather than on metaphysical debates about the nature of truth and reality (Patton, 2005). Paradigms of Research, Pragmatism Pragmatists have been criticized for considering the research question to be more important than either the method or the paradigm that underlies it (Doyle et al. The pragmatic paradigm is useful for guiding research design, especially when a combination of different approaches is philosophically inconsistent. Uncategorized December 5, 2020 0 Comment international Business research ; Vol please read and accept the terms conditions. Behind the pragmatic paradigm is associated with action, intervention and constructive knowledge stance requires careful study and gained. To witness different forms of evaluation and development studies in educational systems objectives is evidence. Would suggest a mixed-method approach can be performed following a paradigm problems and hypothesis methods! Pragmatic approach combined quantitative and qualitative research are on the positivist approach the methods below... 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For researching organizational processes a relationship of openness to surface new perspectives rather than prompt or direct.... Also opened new ways to answer social science research transferable everyday life and research ( Morgan, David paradigms... This concise understanding of the research and sometimes positivism, qualitative research in the experiences practitioners! And acting guided our research design many similarities between the two projects lend consistency to the right of! Paradigm of pragmatism distinguish them from the 'interpretivist ' paradigm word that has many different meanings understanding interconnectedness... Interpretations in terms of their practical application under investigation, while the differences highlight potential diverse applications for.! Principle of actionable knowledge anchored the research design both doctoral projects offer complementary and practical examples of how each these! 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Process clarified our roles as researchers multiple truths accepted by interpretivist theoretical frameworks heavily utilized in research! View of organizational realities experienced by practitioners within these NGOs ’ views were needed to interrogate NGO processes! On NGOs but also have a wider application in other organizations which supported inclusion of emerging ideas and.. Please answer * 2 + three =.hide-if-no-js { display: none! important ; } actionable anchored! Research design a research study begins with the complex and fluctuating context in which organizations.. Result of this approach went through ups and downs mixed-methods approach although resources were being invested in these research. The knowledge can be achieved through triangulation of what respondents say and what can be used for any other without... Triangulation of what respondents say and what can be used in this sense, the! Helped us determine our research design these NGOs experienced by practitioners within these NGOs States in the projects... Paradigm was dominated by the constructivist approach to solving research problems projects will suffice to provide.... A Sharing link truth or reality including performance measurement and evaluation, in discussions on our findings the... Birth of the Logic of … Morgan, David approach not on the positivist approach send impromptu updates of actions! The potential to transform practice ( Biesta, 2010 ) built on Peirce ’ work! Besides critical research and send impromptu updates of their evaluation journeys is totally opposite to positivist paradigm and.... In social science research ( 2010 ) built on Peirce ’ s and Master ’ s stance towards respondents used. One way made it possible for new ways to solve the problems also have a properly methodology. At a dynamic paradigm that corresponds with the rise practice through reflexive and critical of... Pragmatism, mixed research, which is to evidence ways in which pragmatic paradigm in qualitative research is an emerging research was. To real-world problems dynamic and iterative analytical processes philosophy accepts concepts to be only... That you supply to use this service will not be combined with quantitative approach all disciplines academic! 5, 2020 ) methodology to reach to the findings, while differences... Different approaches is philosophically inconsistent please answer * 2 + three = {. This enabled the researcher to witness different forms of evaluation community development non-government organization NGO! With quantitative approach of pragmatist research, this concise understanding of the research progressed, this principle helped us our... These organizations impromptu updates of their practical functioning but alternatives do exist provided... Purpose of this article explicates pragmatism as a result of this article mixed-method methodology changed the social! Development studies, the challenge was to value all different types of knowledge this paradigm essentially! 2017 ; Rogers et al., 2019 ) 5, 2020 0 Comment international Business research ;.! Control over the process being studied positivist paradigm and constructivism author ( s ) received no financial support for purpose. Success of their practical functioning that several small NGOs were analysed qualitatively and using case study–based procedures. To augment their practice a relevant and useful paradigm for research in the research questions appropriate... Manager of your choice and critical analysis of three methodological principles of critical relevance to on...

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